National Indian Country Clearinghouse on Sexual Assault

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The Stalking Resource Center defines stalking as "a course of conduct directed at a specific person that would cause a reasonable person fear"

 

 

 

 

Stalking can take a variety of forms. Stalkers may:

 

conf1 Physically follow their victims
conf1 Call the victim on the phone repeatedly
conf1 Send unwanted letters or packages through the mail or through a third party
conf1 Bombard their victim with emails, texts, or instant messages
conf1 Photograph the victim from a distance or with hidden cameras or videos
conf1 Install surveillance software on the victim’s computer
conf1 Use readily available, inexpensive global positioning systems (GPS) to track victims in their vehicles
conf1 Park outside the victim’s home, office, or place of worship
conf1 Drive past the victim’s home or office to conduct surveillance
conf1 Access the victim’s email and/or social networking accounts
conf1 Spreading false rumors about a victim

 

How common is stalking? According to the Bureau of Justice Statistics Supplemental Victimization Survey on Stalking, approximately 3.4 million Americans (age eighteen or older) were victims of stalking during a one year period. Persons ages 18 to 24 experience the highest rate of stalking in the United States while American Indian/Alaska Native women suffer the highest rates of stalking of any population. American Indian/Alaska Native women are stalked at a rate more than twice that of any other group.


Stalking is a serious crime and is frequently committed as a component of domestic violence. Many rapists also stalk their victim prior to committing crimes of sexual violence.

 

Unlike the images of stalking perpetuated by the media, a recent study from the Bureau of Justice Statistics suggests that three out of four victims knew their stalkers prior to being stalked.  Research shows that perpetrators who stalk their intimate or former partners are four times more likely to physically assault their partners than non‐stalkers. Stalkers are six times more likely to sexually assault their intimate partners.  Seventy-six percent of all women murdered by their intimate partner had been stalked during the year prior to their murder. Moreover, 81% of women stalked by a current or former husband or cohabitation partner were physically assaulted by that partner. Weapons were used to harm or threaten stalking victims in about 1 in 5 cases.

 

By: Hallie Bongar White and Marielle Dirkx
© 2013 Southwest Center for Law and Policy and Office on Violence Against Women, United States Department of Justice

 

 

 

Publications:

 

Other Resources - 15

 

Full Publication List

 

 

Featured Publications

 

Stalking in Indian Country

 

Stalking in Indian Country

 

This article, written by the Southwest Center for Law and Policy's executive director Hallie Bongar White, discusses stalking in Indian Country, advises about the prosecution of stalking in Indian Country, and examines tribal stalking codes.

 

 

Stalking Victimization in the United States Special Report

 

Stalking Victimization

 

This report, authored and compiled by the Bureau of Justice Statistics, discusses the frequency and prevalence of stalking in the United States.

 

 

Office on Violence Against Women Highlights Significant Findings of Stalking Crime Report

 

Significant Findings of Stalking Crime Report

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

This press release, released by the United States Department of Justice's Office on Violence Against Women, discusses major findings in the Bureau of Justice Statistics' Stalking Victimization in the United States Special Report, which the Office on Violence Against Women helped fund.

 

National Indian Country Clearinghouse on Sexual Assault, a project by the Southwest Center for Law and Policy © 2013

This project was supported by  Grant No. 2011-TA-AX-K045 awarded by the Office on Violence Against Women. Points of view in this document are those of the author and do not necessary represent the official position of the U.S. Department of Justice. All rights reserved. | Privacy policy